[PATCH v5 3/4] clk: introduce the common clock framework

Sascha Hauer s.hauer at pengutronix.de
Sun Mar 4 11:52:01 UTC 2012


On Sat, Mar 03, 2012 at 09:14:43AM -0800, Turquette, Mike wrote:
> On Sat, Mar 3, 2012 at 5:31 AM, Sascha Hauer <s.hauer at pengutronix.de> wrote:
> > On Sat, Mar 03, 2012 at 12:29:00AM -0800, Mike Turquette wrote:
> >> The common clock framework defines a common struct clk useful across
> >> most platforms as well as an implementation of the clk api that drivers
> >> can use safely for managing clocks.
> >>
> >> The net result is consolidation of many different struct clk definitions
> >> and platform-specific clock framework implementations.
> >>
> >> This patch introduces the common struct clk, struct clk_ops and an
> >> implementation of the well-known clock api in include/clk/clk.h.
> >> Platforms may define their own hardware-specific clock structure and
> >> their own clock operation callbacks, so long as it wraps an instance of
> >> struct clk_hw.
> >>
> >> See Documentation/clk.txt for more details.
> >>
> >> This patch is based on the work of Jeremy Kerr, which in turn was based
> >> on the work of Ben Herrenschmidt.
> >>
> >> +
> >> +/**
> >> + * struct clk_hw - handle for traversing from a struct clk to its corresponding
> >> + * hardware-specific structure.  struct clk_hw should be declared within struct
> >> + * clk_foo and then referenced by the struct clk instance that uses struct
> >> + * clk_foo's clk_ops
> >> + *
> >> + * clk: pointer to the struct clk instance that points back to this struct
> >> + * clk_hw instance
> >> + */
> >> +struct clk_hw {
> >> +     struct clk *clk;
> >> +};
> >
> > The reason for doing this is that struct clk should be an opaque cookie
> > for both drivers and implementers of clocks. I recently had the idea whether
> > the roles of these two structs could be swapped. So instead of the above we
> > could do:
> >
> > struct clk {
> >        struct clk_hw *hw;
> > }
> 
> Firstly, struct clk is an opaque cookie for both drivers and
> implementers of clocks with this patchset.
> 
> Secondly, struct clk does indeed have a pointer to struct clk_hw.
> Refer to include/linux/clk-private.h in this patch.
> 
> The reference is cyclical.  A reference to struct clk can navigate to
> struct clk_foo via container_of (usually something like "#define
> to_clk_foo(_hw) container_of(_hw, struct clk_foo, hw)" where struct
> clk's pointer to it's .hw member is passed into one of the struct
> clk_ops callbacks.
> 
> Likewise if struct clk_foo needs the struct clk ptr for any reason
> then it can get it from foo->hw->clk.
> 
> I believe this patch already does what you suggest, but I might be
> missing your point.

In include/linux/clk-private.h you expose struct clk outside the core.
This has to be done to make static initializers possible. There is a big
warning in this file that it must not be included from files implementing
struct clk_ops. You can simply avoid this warning by declaring struct clk
with only a single member:

include/linux/clk.h:

struct clk {
	struct clk_internal *internal;
};

This way everybody knows struct clk (thus can embed it in their static
initializers), but doesn't know anything about the internal members. Now
in drivers/clk/clk.c you declare struct clk_internal exactly like struct
clk was declared before:

struct clk_internal {
	const char		*name;
	const struct clk_ops	*ops;
	struct clk_hw		*hw;
	struct clk		*parent;
	char			**parent_names;
	struct clk		**parents;
	u8			num_parents;
	unsigned long		rate;
	unsigned long		flags;
	unsigned int		enable_count;
	unsigned int		prepare_count;
	struct hlist_head	children;
	struct hlist_node	child_node;
	unsigned int		notifier_count;
#ifdef CONFIG_COMMON_CLK_DEBUG
	struct dentry		*dentry;
#endif
};

An instance of struct clk_internal will be allocated in
__clk_init/clk_register. Now the private data stays completely inside
the core and noone can abuse it.

With this __clk_init could be something like:

struct clk_initializer {
	const char		*name;
	const struct clk_ops	*ops;
	char			**parent_names;
	u8			num_parents;
	unsigned long		flags;
	struct clk		*clk;
};

void __clk_init(struct device *dev, struct clk_initializer *init);

I hope I made my intention a bit clearer.

Sascha

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