swap on eMMC and other flash
minchan at kernel.org
Tue Apr 17 02:18:56 UTC 2012
On 04/17/2012 06:12 AM, Stephan Uphoff wrote:
> Hi Arnd,
> On Mon, Apr 16, 2012 at 12:59 PM, Arnd Bergmann<arnd at arndb.de> wrote:
>> On Monday 16 April 2012, Stephan Uphoff wrote:
>>> opportunity to plant a few ideas.
>>> In contrast to rotational disks read/write operation overhead and
>>> costs are not symmetric.
>>> While random reads are much faster on flash - the number of write
>>> operations is limited by wearout and garbage collection overhead.
>>> To further improve swapping on eMMC or similar flash media I believe
>>> that the following issues need to be addressed:
>>> 1) Limit average write bandwidth to eMMC to a configurable level to
>>> guarantee a minimum device lifetime
>>> 2) Aim for a low write amplification factor to maximize useable write bandwidth
>>> 3) Strongly favor read over write operations
>>> Lowering write amplification (2) has been discussed in this email
>>> thread - and the only observation I would like to add is that
>>> over-provisioning the internal swap space compared to the exported
>>> swap space significantly can guarantee a lower write amplification
>>> factor with the indirection and GC techniques discussed.
>> Yes, good point.
>>> I believe the swap functionality is currently optimized for storage
>>> media where read and write costs are nearly identical.
>>> As this is not the case on flash I propose splitting the anonymous
>>> inactive queue (at least conceptually) - keeping clean anonymous pages
>>> with swap slots on a separate queue as the cost of swapping them
>>> out/in is only an inexpensive read operation. A variable similar to
>>> swapiness (or a more dynamic algorithmn) could determine the
>>> preference for swapping out clean pages or dirty pages. ( A similar
>>> argument could be made for splitting up the file inactive queue )
>> I'm not sure I understand yet how this would be different from swappiness.
> As I see it swappiness determines the ratio for paging out file backed
> as compared to anonymous, swap backed pages.
> I would like to further be able to set the ratio for throwing away
> clean anonymous pages with swap slots ( that are easy to read back in)
> as compared to writing out dirty anonymous pages to swap.
We can apply the rule in file-lru list too and we already have
ISOLATE_CLEAN mode to select victim pages in LRU list so it should work.
For selecting clean anon pages with swap slot, we need more looking.
Recent, Dan had a question about it and Hugh answered it.
Look at the http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=133462346928786&w=2
More information about the linaro-kernel