Query: Multiple Mappings to Mem and ARMV6+

Catalin Marinas catalin.marinas at arm.com
Thu Feb 16 17:48:13 UTC 2012

On Thu, Feb 16, 2012 at 05:37:02PM +0000, viresh kumar wrote:
> On Thu, Feb 16, 2012 at 9:15 AM, Catalin Marinas
> <catalin.marinas at arm.com> wrote:
> > To summarise, if you mix Normal with Device or SO memory, you only get
> > the guarantees of the Normal memory (e.g. early write acknowledgement,
> > write buffer gathering, speculative accesses), so it's not recommended.
> > If you mix Normal Cacheable with Normal Non-cacheable, you need to make
> > sure that the cacheable mapping does not have any dirty cache lines that
> > could be evicted. Additionally, if you read the buffer through the
> > cacheable mapping later, you need to invalidate it first in case cache
> > lines have been speculatively fetched. The ARM ARM definition however
> > guarantees that accesses through the Non-cacheable mapping does not hit
> > any cache lines (brought in via the Cacheable mapping).
> I don't know if i understood correctly the earlier mails over the list, but with
> speculative writes to Normal Cacheable Memory (Low Mem), we can still
> enter an undefined state if we have separate kind of mapping as we have in
> dma_alloc_*() and low mem.
> Or
> Who is responsible here to take care of cleaning and invalidate cached low
> mem mappings in case of speculative writes?

The DMA API implementation on ARM takes care of the cache cleaning and

BTW, I would say cache evictions rather than speculative writes as the
latter is something else and ARM processors don't do it (only
speculative reads).


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