[PATCH-WIP 01/13] xen/arm: use r12 to pass the hypercall number to the hypervisor

Russell King - ARM Linux linux at arm.linux.org.uk
Thu Mar 1 10:12:58 UTC 2012


On Wed, Feb 29, 2012 at 02:44:24PM +0000, Ian Campbell wrote:
> > If you need a specific register, this means that you must set up that
> > register explicitly inside the asm if you want a guarantee that the
> > code will work:
> > 
> > 	asm volatile (
> > 		"movw	r12, %[hvc_num]\n\t"
> 
> Is gcc (or gas?) smart enough to optimise this away if it turns out that
> %[hvc_num] == r12?

No, and it won't do, because %[hvc_num] is specified in these operands:

> > 		...
> > 		"hvc	#0"
> > 		:: [hvc_num] "i" (NUMBER) : "r12"

to be an integer, not a register.

> How are system calls implemented on the userspace side? I confess I
> don't know what the ARM syscall ABI looks like -- is it all registers or
> is some of it on the stack? It sounds like the solution ought to be
> pretty similar though.

All registers.  We have a few which take a pointer to an in memory array,
but those are for some old multiplexed syscalls.



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