[Linaro-mm-sig] [RFC v2 0/2] Introduce DMA buffer sharing mechanism

Sumit Semwal sumit.semwal at ti.com
Fri Dec 2 08:57:30 UTC 2011

Hello Everyone,

This is RFC v2 for DMA buffer sharing mechanism - changes from v1 are in the
changelog below.

Various subsystems - V4L2, GPU-accessors, DRI to name a few - have felt the 
need to have a common mechanism to share memory buffers across different
devices - ARM, video hardware, GPU.

This need comes forth from a variety of use cases including cameras, image 
processing, video recorders, sound processing, DMA engines, GPU and display
buffers, and others.

This RFC is an attempt to define such a buffer sharing mechanism- it is the
result of discussions from a couple of memory-management mini-summits held by
Linaro to understand and address common needs around memory management. [1]

A new dma_buf buffer object is added, with operations and API to allow easy
sharing of this buffer object across devices.

The framework allows:
- a new buffer-object to be created with fixed size.
- different devices to 'attach' themselves to this buffer, to facilitate
  backing storage negotiation, using dma_buf_attach() API.
- association of a file pointer with each user-buffer and associated
   allocator-defined operations on that buffer. This operation is called the
   'export' operation.
- this exported buffer-object to be shared with the other entity by asking for
   its 'file-descriptor (fd)', and sharing the fd across.
- a received fd to get the buffer object back, where it can be accessed using
   the associated exporter-defined operations.
- the exporter and user to share the scatterlist using map_dma_buf and
   unmap_dma_buf operations.

Documentation present in the patch-set gives more details.

This is based on design suggestions from many people at the mini-summits,
most notably from Arnd Bergmann <arnd at arndb.de>, Rob Clark <rob at ti.com> and
Daniel Vetter <daniel at ffwll.ch>.

The implementation is inspired from proof-of-concept patch-set from
Tomasz Stanislawski <t.stanislaws at samsung.com>, who demonstrated buffer sharing
between two v4l2 devices. [2]

[1]: https://wiki.linaro.org/OfficeofCTO/MemoryManagement
[2]: http://lwn.net/Articles/454389

Patchset based on top of 3.2-rc3, the current version can be found at

Branch: dma-buf-upstr-v2

Earlier version at: https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/10/11/92

Best regards,
~Sumit Semwal


- Review comments incorporated:
   - from Tomasz Stanislawski [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/10/14/136]
     - kzalloc moved out of critical section
     - corrected some in-code comments

   - from Dave Airlie [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/11/25/123]

   - from Daniel Vetter and Rob Clark [https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/11/26/53]
     - use struct sg_table in place of struct scatterlist
     - rename {get,put}_scatterlist to {map,unmap}_dma_buf
     - add new wrapper APIs dma_buf_{map,unmap}_attachment for ease of users
- documentation updates as per review comments from Randy Dunlap

v1: original

Sumit Semwal (2):
  dma-buf: Introduce dma buffer sharing mechanism
  dma-buf: Documentation for buffer sharing framework

 Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt |  223 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 drivers/base/Kconfig              |   10 ++
 drivers/base/Makefile             |    1 +
 drivers/base/dma-buf.c            |  290 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/linux/dma-buf.h           |  176 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 700 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/dma-buf-sharing.txt
 create mode 100644 drivers/base/dma-buf.c
 create mode 100644 include/linux/dma-buf.h


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