The quilt patch titled Subject: mm/MADV_COLLAPSE: catch !none !huge !bad pmd lookups has been removed from the -mm tree. Its filename was mm-madv_collapse-catch-none-huge-bad-pmd-lookups.patch
This patch was dropped because it was merged into the mm-hotfixes-stable branch of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/akpm/mm
------------------------------------------------------ From: "Zach O'Keefe" firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: mm/MADV_COLLAPSE: catch !none !huge !bad pmd lookups Date: Wed, 25 Jan 2023 14:53:58 -0800
In commit 34488399fa08 ("mm/madvise: add file and shmem support to MADV_COLLAPSE") we make the following change to find_pmd_or_thp_or_none():
- if (!pmd_present(pmde)) - return SCAN_PMD_NULL; + if (pmd_none(pmde)) + return SCAN_PMD_NONE;
This was for-use by MADV_COLLAPSE file/shmem codepaths, where MADV_COLLAPSE might identify a pte-mapped hugepage, only to have khugepaged race-in, free the pte table, and clear the pmd. Such codepaths include:
A) If we find a suitably-aligned compound page of order HPAGE_PMD_ORDER already in the pagecache. B) In retract_page_tables(), if we fail to grab mmap_lock for the target mm/address.
In these cases, collapse_pte_mapped_thp() really does expect a none (not just !present) pmd, and we want to suitably identify that case separate from the case where no pmd is found, or it's a bad-pmd (of course, many things could happen once we drop mmap_lock, and the pmd could plausibly undergo multiple transitions due to intervening fault, split, etc). Regardless, the code is prepared install a huge-pmd only when the existing pmd entry is either a genuine pte-table-mapping-pmd, or the none-pmd.
However, the commit introduces a logical hole; namely, that we've allowed !none- && !huge- && !bad-pmds to be classified as genuine pte-table-mapping-pmds. One such example that could leak through are swap entries. The pmd values aren't checked again before use in pte_offset_map_lock(), which is expecting nothing less than a genuine pte-table-mapping-pmd.
We want to put back the !pmd_present() check (below the pmd_none() check), but need to be careful to deal with subtleties in pmd transitions and treatments by various arch.
The issue is that __split_huge_pmd_locked() temporarily clears the present bit (or otherwise marks the entry as invalid), but pmd_present() and pmd_trans_huge() still need to return true while the pmd is in this transitory state. For example, x86's pmd_present() also checks the _PAGE_PSE , riscv's version also checks the _PAGE_LEAF bit, and arm64 also checks a PMD_PRESENT_INVALID bit.
Covering all 4 cases for x86 (all checks done on the same pmd value):
1) pmd_present() && pmd_trans_huge() All we actually know here is that the PSE bit is set. Either: a) We aren't racing with __split_huge_page(), and PRESENT or PROTNONE is set. => huge-pmd b) We are currently racing with __split_huge_page(). The danger here is that we proceed as-if we have a huge-pmd, but really we are looking at a pte-mapping-pmd. So, what is the risk of this danger?
The only relevant path is:
madvise_collapse() -> collapse_pte_mapped_thp()
Where we might just incorrectly report back "success", when really the memory isn't pmd-backed. This is fine, since split could happen immediately after (actually) successful madvise_collapse(). So, it should be safe to just assume huge-pmd here.
2) pmd_present() && !pmd_trans_huge() Either: a) PSE not set and either PRESENT or PROTNONE is. => pte-table-mapping pmd (or PROT_NONE) b) devmap. This routine can be called immediately after unlocking/locking mmap_lock -- or called with no locks held (see khugepaged_scan_mm_slot()), so previous VMA checks have since been invalidated.
3) !pmd_present() && pmd_trans_huge() Not possible.
4) !pmd_present() && !pmd_trans_huge() Neither PRESENT nor PROTNONE set => not present
I've checked all archs that implement pmd_trans_huge() (arm64, riscv, powerpc, longarch, x86, mips, s390) and this logic roughly translates (though devmap treatment is unique to x86 and powerpc, and (3) doesn't necessarily hold in general -- but that doesn't matter since !pmd_present() always takes failure path).
Also, add a comment above find_pmd_or_thp_or_none() to help future travelers reason about the validity of the code; namely, the possible mutations that might happen out from under us, depending on how mmap_lock is held (if at all).
Link: https://email@example.com Fixes: 34488399fa08 ("mm/madvise: add file and shmem support to MADV_COLLAPSE") Signed-off-by: Zach O'Keefe firstname.lastname@example.org Reported-by: Hugh Dickins email@example.com Reviewed-by: Yang Shi firstname.lastname@example.org Cc: email@example.com Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton firstname.lastname@example.org ---
mm/khugepaged.c | 8 ++++++++ 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+)
--- a/mm/khugepaged.c~mm-madv_collapse-catch-none-huge-bad-pmd-lookups +++ a/mm/khugepaged.c @@ -847,6 +847,10 @@ static int hugepage_vma_revalidate(struc return SCAN_SUCCEED; }
+/* + * See pmd_trans_unstable() for how the result may change out from + * underneath us, even if we hold mmap_lock in read. + */ static int find_pmd_or_thp_or_none(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, pmd_t **pmd) @@ -865,8 +869,12 @@ static int find_pmd_or_thp_or_none(struc #endif if (pmd_none(pmde)) return SCAN_PMD_NONE; + if (!pmd_present(pmde)) + return SCAN_PMD_NULL; if (pmd_trans_huge(pmde)) return SCAN_PMD_MAPPED; + if (pmd_devmap(pmde)) + return SCAN_PMD_NULL; if (pmd_bad(pmde)) return SCAN_PMD_NULL; return SCAN_SUCCEED; _
Patches currently in -mm which might be from email@example.com are